Causes of insomnia



Insomnia is the main sleep disorder, which can affect all of us one day or the other. Some people go so far as to present a insomnia that prevent them to live normally. It is often caused by anxiety, secondary, usually related to personal problems. Insomnia affects nearly a quarter of adults. Women and the elderly are also more prone to insomnia.

Definition

Insomnia corresponds to a decrease of the quality and quantity of sleep. The sleep becomes, in this case " non-recovery ". Insomnia is the sleep disorder most common. Each of us can be a victim one day or the other by a insomnia. Insomnia can be transient, occurring one or two nights occasionally without causing a sensation. Chronic insomnia occurs more than 3 times per week and this for more than 3 months. Statistics

Insomnia is a decline in the quality and quantity of sleep that is more restful. More than 30% of the population suffers from sleep disorders, of which 84% of insomnia. Insomnia can be transient or chronic, more than 3 times per week for more than 3 months. The causes of insomnia are many. The interrogation of the patient and his / her spouse makes in the vast majority of cases to determine the cause of the insomnia.

The symptoms of insomnia are diverse : difficulty falling asleep, light sleep and irregular, nocturnal awakenings, difficulty going back to sleep, unable to sleep more than 3 or 4 hours, nightmares and black thoughts... insomnia may be linked to psychological disorders such as : stress, anxiety, depression. How many hours of sleep ?

Sleep patterns vary by age and across individuals. Most adults need about 7 to 8 hours of sleep per night. However, some people need only 5 to 6 hours of sleep, what are the " little sleeper ". Others, conversely, need about ten hours of sleep. Older people often sleep less long night. Forms minor

Impression of having slept badly without repercussion, insomnia occurs very sporadically without any impact on the daily life. Forms serious

Causes

The causes of insomnia are many. The interrogation of the patient and his / her spouse makes in the vast majority of cases to determine the cause of the insomnia.

Psychological Causes

A large majority of insomnia is related to psychological disorders more or less severe, such as stress, anxiety and depression. When the episodes of insomnia are repeated day after day, the people affected trouble with the idea of spending a bad night. This fear of insomnia can cause insomnia and make sleep even more difficult, which results in a vicious circle.

Diseases sleep

The restless legs syndrome (restless legs syndrome). The sleep Apnea.

Environment and mode of life

  • The conditions related to the environment or mode of life can also cause insomnia
  • The noise, the heat, the neighbors, poor bedding
  • The excessive consumption of caffeine
  • The work in staggered hours (night work, for example...)
  • The overload of work

Many pathologies may cause sleep disorders and cause episodes of insomnia more or less frequent. Hyperthyroidism. Pain related to various diseases (osteoarthritis, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.). Asthma : An asthma attack can cause a wake up of the night. Allergies (rhinitis, sneezing etc.) that can awaken and lead to insomnia. Reflux gastro esophageal

Symptoms

The symptoms of insomnia are difficulty falling asleep, light sleep and irregular, nocturnal awakenings, difficulty going back to sleep, an inability to sleep more than 3 or 4 hours, as well as nightmares or dark thoughts

Consequences

The consequences of insomnia include fatigue upon awakening, giving the impression of not being rested by his night of sleep with drowsiness during the day : work, travel, home... disorders of attention and memory, as well as muscle aches, concentration difficulties in the daytime or want to sleep (yawns) are usually found. The person suffering from insomnia is usually the subject of irritability, anxiety and fatigue during the day. Depression can sometimes be to install.

Anxiety insomnia

When there is a repetition of the episodes of insomnia day after day, the affected people had trouble generally with the idea of passing a bad night. This fear of insomnia makes the sleep of the insomniac even more difficult, which may then result in a vicious cycle.

Treatment

Multiple medications may be offered in some circumstances, while episodes of insomnia that have significant impact in the daily life, for example, among which the sleeping pills are hypnotics, and anxiolytics.

The use of these treatments should only be done during a consultation with a doctor. These drugs may êtrecontre-indicated with other therapies, can cause side effects such as drowsiness, for example, or of disorders of the memory and cause mental and physical dependence.

Homeopathy and plants

Some herbal and homeopathic treatments can be offered for people with insomnia. Take the advice of your doctor because herbal treatments may also be side effects or contraindications.

Relaxation

Other techniques such as relaxation, yoga or hypnosis can be a valuable aid during episodes of insomnia.

Natural remedy

Rich in alkaloids, l'escholtzia is recognized for its calming and analgesic. It is used when sleep is no longer "recovery" and when one is about to nocturnal awakenings. The'escholtzia, can be absorbed in the form of a herbal tea (aerial part of the flower), liquid extract or tincture (drops) but its shape is the most efficient EPS (Plant Extract Standardized).

Valerian is a plant sedative, recommended in sleep disorders such as nocturnal awakenings or insomnia. Rather, it is recommended to take the plant in the form of capsules given the taste very unpleasant to the plant, very bitter.

The rhodiola is deemed to act on the cerebral fatigue, and physical. The plant is also used for combating anxiety and mild depression, and fatigue that is generated by the stress, which prevents sleep.